Azerbaijan (i/ˌæzərbaɪˈdʒɑːn/AZ-ər-by-JAHN; Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan[ɑzærbɑjdʒɑn]), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azerbaijani:Azərbaycan Respublikası), is a transcontinental country in the Caucasus region, situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by the Caspian Sea to the east, Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Armenia to the west and Iran to the south. The exclave of Nakhchivan is bounded by Armenia to the north and east, Iran to the south and west, while having a short border with Turkey in the northwest.
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence in 1918 and became the first Muslim-majority democratic and secular republic. It was also the first Muslim-majority country to have operas, theaters and modern universities. The country was incorporated into the Soviet Union in 1920 as the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic. Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, before the official dissolution of the USSR. In September 1991, the disputed Armenian-majority Nagorno-Karabakh region re-affirmed its willingness to create a separate state as the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The region, effectively independent since the beginning of the Nagorno-Karabakh War in 1991, is internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan until a final solution to its status is found through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE.
... which protect the very life, safe and peaceful life of that population and other vital rights,” explained the Human RightsDefender’s Office in a statement, adding that Tatoyan sounded the alarm on Tuesday to shed light on Azerbaijan’s continued violation of international law.
Azerbaijan’s deputy foreign minister, Elnur Mammadov, told Al Jazeera from his office in Baku that it is time for a fresh start for the two countries, which currently have no diplomatic relations ... Mammadov said that for Azerbaijan, although conditions would have to be met along the way, normalisation also fits the overall long-term outlook.
“The process of creating a demilitarized security zone around the borders of Armenia with Azerbaijan and the removal of the Azerbaijani armed forces form the vicinity of the villages and from the roads between the communities of Armenia should start immediately,” urged the Human...
Armenia and Azerbaijan were in the news in September 2020 on account of their territorial dispute in Nagorno-Karabakh ... Nagorno-Karabakh is to Armenia what Crimea was to Russia with Azerbaijan in Ukraine’s shoes ... Meanwhile, Iran, which borders both Azerbaijan and Armenia, offered its good offices for peace talks. Turkey spoke in support of Azerbaijan.
On 5 October, Azerbaijan closed the Baku office of Supreme LeaderKhamenei’s representative in Azerbaijan, citing coronavirus restrictions (OC Media, 5 October 2021) ... On 5 October, Azerbaijan closed the Baku office of Supreme Leader Khamenei’s representative in Azerbaijan, citing coronavirus restrictions (OC Media, 5 October 2021).
When Akram Aylisli wrote a novel that sympathised with Azerbaijan’s national enemy, Armenia, he was vilified and silenced ...Baku, Azerbaijan ... He cannot leave Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan, or visit his native village ... One of his two sons lost his job and left Azerbaijan ... (c) Azerbaijan PresidentPressOffice/TASS/Alamy LiveNews.
Lastly, Iran conducted an extensive military drill near its border with Azerbaijan, amid increasing tension between the neighboring countries ...Last week Azerbaijan also closed the office of Iran’s Supreme Leader’s representative in Baku “temporarily”, citing coronavirus restrictions (Times of Israel, 5 October 2021).
Azerbaijan is stepping up its rhetorical counteroffensive against Iran, airing a seemingly orchestrated series of allegations of treachery on the part of Tehran... The increasing attacks from Baku come as the anti-Azerbaijan rhetoric from Iranian officials seems to have quieted somewhat.